Neuropediatrics cares for neurological conditions that arise in neonates, infants, children and adolescents. The group of conditions that fall under this category vary widely, from disorders such as migraines and cerebral palsy to more complicated or rare conditions such as neurodegenerative disorders.

A paediatric neurologist has specialised training and extensive knowledge in assessing and diagnosing problems that involve the nervous system in this vulnerable group of patients.