A minor stroke also called a transient ischaemic attack (TIA), is the result of a sudden but temporary circulatory disorder affecting one area of the brain. If neurones in the area do not receive oxygen or energy, they stop functioning. Different symptoms appear depending on which area of the brain is affected.
The symptoms of a minor stroke are identical to those of a stroke. They last less than 24 hours and usually less than 30 minutes. In the case of a stroke, the symptoms are experienced for at least 24 hours.
TAKE THE WARNING SIGNALS SERIOUSLY
A specialist stroke unit should be consulted for both a minor stroke and a stroke. Although the signs of a minor stroke usually disappear after a short time, you should not return to your daily business. Beware: a minor stroke is always a warning sign – every 20th patient suffers a stroke in the following 48 hours. Swift action is necessary to help avoid further issues.
DRUG AND INTERVENTIONAL THERAPY
The aim of treatment of a minor stroke is to prevent the frequently occurring subsequent stroke. Immediate initiation of drug treatment to inhibit the formation of further blood clots is crucial. Depending on the origin of blood clots, either platelets inhibitors (e.g. aspirin) or anticoagulants (blood thinners) are used.