Risk factors for stroke include having high blood pressure, having had a previous stroke, smoking, having diabetes and heart disease. Your risk of stroke increases as you age.
Preventing a stroke
You can significantly reduce your risk of having a stroke through leading a healthy lifestyle by:
- eating a healthy diet
- taking regular exercise
- drinking alcohol in moderation
- not smoking
If you have had a stroke or TIA in the past, these measures are of particular importance because your risk of having another stroke is greatly increased.
Managing underlying conditions
If you have been diagnosed with a condition known to increase your risk of stroke, ensuring the condition is well controlled is also critical in helping prevent strokes.
The lifestyle changes mentioned above can help control these conditions to a great extent, but you may also need to take regular medication.
Some underlying conditions include but are not limited to:
- treating atrial fibrillation
- treating high blood pressure
- treating high cholesterol
- treating type 1 diabetes and treating type 2 diabetes
- treating transient ischaemic attacks (TIA)