An ophthalmologist specialises in eyes. He knows about the various structures and functions in and around the eye. He treats all kinds of injuries and disorders of the eye, eyelid and eye muscles. Cataracts (a lens disorder), glaucoma (pressure in the eye) and strabismus (squint) are among the best-known disorders.
An ophthalmologist can carry out operations on the eye such as corneal transplantation or lens replacement if he has received further training in ophthalmic surgery. Present-day eye operations use the latest techniques, such as lasers or microsurgery, to ensure that the surgical intervention is precise and meticulous.
The ophthalmologist is also able to perform complex tear duct surgery when working alongside an ear, nose and throat specialist.