Haematology is the branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of blood disorders, including anemia, leukemia, and bleeding disorders.

Examples of benign hematological diseases include:

  • Anaemia (e.g. iron, B12 or folate deficiencies)
  • Haemolysis
  • Iron overload such as hereditary hemochromatosis
  • Bleeding disorders e.g. low or dysfunctional platelets or clotting factor deficiency
  • Thromboembolic disorders
  • Haematological problems related to pregnancy
  • Transfusion related issues
  • Low white cell count
  • Immunodeficiency disorders
  • Elevated haemoglobin, platelets or white cells
  • Thalassaemia
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Enlarged spleen

Examples of malignant diseases include:

  • Myeloproliferative disorders such as polycythemia, essential thrombocytosis and myelofibrosis
  • Chronic myeloid leukaemia
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia
  • Indolent and aggressive lymphomas
  • Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Amyloidosis
  • Waldenstroem macroglubulinemia
  • Aplastic anaemia