Plastic, reconstructive and aesthetic surgery is used mainly to correct defects of the skin or of the structures directly underneath the skin, the aim being to restore the body’s structure and its functions.
Reconstructive surgery is particularly important after severe burns, accidents or operations, such as the removal of a breast tumour. Plastic surgery also helps to correct congenital deformities.
A plastic, reconstructive and aesthetic surgeon also specialises in cosmetic surgery. He is the expert who, for instance, smoothes out the lines on the forehead with Botox injections, operates on loose upper eyelids, enlarges, reduces or tautens breasts, and performs liposuction.