Speech Pathology, also known as Speech-Language Pathology, involves the assessment and treatment of communication and speech disorders, including speech articulation and language development.

Speech disorders occur when a person has difficulty producing speech sounds correctly or fluently (e.g. stuttering) or has problems with his or her voice or resonance.

Language disorders occur when a person has trouble understanding others or sharing thoughts, ideas, and feelings and include conditions such as dyslexia, dyspraxia and auditory processing disorder.

Swallowing disorders (dysphagia) are feeding and swallowing difficulties, which may follow an illness, surgery, stroke, or injury.