Orthopaedic surgery focuses on the musculoskeletal system that is responsible for a human being's movements, i.e. the bones, joints, muscles, tendons and ligaments. Changes to these parts of the body may be congenital or can occur as a result of a disorder. Traumatology deals specifically with accident-related injuries to the musculoskeletal system.
In replacing, say, a hip, shoulder or knee joint with an implant, present-day orthopaedic surgeons may use highly developed surgical techniques such as computer-assisted navigation systems. These methods guarantee the absolute precision required for interventions on joints.
As well as using the latest technology, the orthopaedic surgeon also makes use of traditional methods, such as special bandages made of plaster or other materials. He also specialises in a variety of technical aids, e.g. prosthetics, walking aids or insoles.