Lung cancer results from uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. 85% of lung cancer cases occur in long term smokers.
The two main types of lung cancer are small cell lung carcinoma and non-small cell lung carcinoma.
The most common symptoms include:
- Coughing (including coughing up blood)
- Shortness of breath
- Weight loss
- Chest pain
The diagnosis is confirmed by tissue sampling and different imaging modalities which help to design the best course of treatment.
The treatment of lung cancer depends on the type of cancer and whether it has spread to other organs as well as the general health of the patient. The earlier it is diagnosed the better the clinical outcomes.
A multi-disciplinary team will discuss all cases and decide on the best treatment modality for each case. Treatment options may include surgery to remove the cancerous tissues, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and immunotherapy.