Osteoporosis involves bone loss, which makes bones more susceptible to fractures. Bones constantly renew themselves throughout our lives. Ongoing bone loss and bone formation are controlled by hormones.

Hormonal changes from around the age of 40 may lead to increased bone loss, which is more prevalent in women than in men. Other risk factors include vitamin D deficiency and calcium deficiency.

Treatment may include the prescription of medication that promote bone formation or the slowing down of bone loss.

To prevent osteoporosis it is important to consume a healthy diet with sufficient vitamin D and calcium. Regular exercise also helps stimulate bone formation.